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Kingman’s Equation (VUT equation)

In queueing theory, a discipline within the mathematical theory of probability, Kingman’s formula is an approximation for the mean waiting time in a queue in a system with a single server where arrival times have a general (meaning arbitrary) distribution and service times have a (different) general distribution. It is generally represented as CT = VUT, where CT is Cycle Time, V is a factor representing variability, U is a factor representing utilization, and T represents the mean effective process time.