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In the construction industry, the process of completing subassembly packages of work which are then joined to the final assembly structure. A module could be a section of a house, living quarters for an offshore oil platform or a pipe rack.

The practice of modularization in construction has commonly come to mean moving work away from the construction site. Modularization is independent of location. The common use of modularization as offsite work can cause significant degradation of project performance due to excess buildup of WIP and sequencing issues between module construction and onsite final construction.